What really causes acne?
Have you ever wondered what causes acne? Is it your diet, genetics, stress, or the environment? While these are all factors, according to Gardens Dermatology providers, it actually starts with a blocked hair follicle.
Each pore on your skin contains a hair follicle and a sebaceous (oil) gland. The gland releases sebum, a natural oil that travels up the hair to the surface and keeps it lubricated. When the hair follicle becomes blocked, oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells become trapped under the skin.
Acne is common among all age groups, not just teenagers. Teenagers are at risk for developing acne during puberty, where the body is going through hormonal changes, including oil production. It appears on the back, chest, neck, shoulders, upper arms, and buttocks. According to Healthline, some risk factors include hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy, certain medications like birth control, a diet that's high in refined sugars and carbs, and parents who have acne.
People who struggle with acne may also develop health conditions like low self-esteem because they are uncomfortable with their skin. Having a social life or going to school and work becomes challenging. In some cases, a severe case of acne can cause depression and suicidal thoughts, which is most common in teenagers. Additionally, acne can leave behind dark spots that may take months or years to fade. People who struggle with cysts and nodules can develop permanent scarring.
There are some self-care tips you can do at home to help clear your skin.
- Clean skin daily with a mild cleanser, no more than twice a day, especially after sweating. Sweat can make your acne worse.
- Use your fingertips to clean your face. Washcloths, mesh sponges, and other abrasive tools can cause irritation.
- Avoid products that may irritate your skin, such as exfoliants, toners, and astringents.
- Rinse with lukewarm water.
- Wash your hair regularly and keep it out of your face.
- Keep your hands away from your face. Touching it can cause flare-ups
- Monitor your time in the sun and stay out of tanning beds.
Despite how frustrating it can be, even the most stubborn acne cases are treatable. It's easier to treat when you catch it early. While most teenagers get acne, it can affect anyone at any age, even newborn babies. The providers at Gardens Dermatology customize and develop regimens and products based on the patient's skin type, acne type, and goals they have.
If you have been struggling with acne, talk to your dermatologist. They can make a proper diagnosis and discuss treatment options with you.
For more information on what causes acne and how to improve your skin, please call Gardens Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Center at 561-776-7041 or visit them online at gardensdermatology.com.